Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine. It is the lower part of the digestive system, which is responsible for the collection of waste and their removal from the body. Often, the terminology, the colorectal cancer is used to describe cancers that occur in the lower part of the intestine. The rectal cancer that will happen in the last 6 inches of the colon.
Even if this particular cancer is very preventable, it is also ranked as having the second largest number of deaths caused by cancer. Most cases begin as a small, benign clump of cells called a polyp. With time, these polyps will develop into cancer.
In order to perform an early diagnosis and effective treatment, regular screening tests are needed to identify polyps before they become cancerous.
Cancer of the colorectal area can cause a variety of symptoms, not all of them, which means cancer of the colon. A number of other health problems may also cause similar symptoms. The first is a disease of the syndrome of the intestine which is a common digestive problem that causes stomach pain, cramping and bloating as well as diarrhea and constipation. Diverticulitis is another condition in which pouches form on the colon wall and can cause similar symptoms. The Infections that can cause diarrhea, such as salmonella and inflammatory bowel diseases, which can cause swelling and pain in the intestines will also develop from symptoms similar to those of colon cancer.
In the early stages of colorectal cancer usually does not cause symptoms. When symptoms do occur, the cancer may be more difficult to treat. Some of the common symptoms include pain in the abdomen which may vary depending on the area of the tumor. People who have colon cancer will also be experience blood in the stool or very dark stools. The color of the stool is a result of metabolized blood that made its way into the intestines. When the blood is visually evident in the stool, the tumor is often located lower in the intestines, and when this tool is darker, the tumor may be located higher up.
It is also experience a change in bowel habits, such as more frequent stools and the feeling that the bowels are not completely empty. Because of the probable anemia, the individuals will also suffer from fatigue.
In rare cases, the tumor will interrupt the absorption of nutrients in the body and results in unexplained weight loss. Individuals may also suffer from diarrhea or constipation, depending on the location of the tumor and how much of the intestine, it is blocking. Sometimes the stools are narrower, which indicates that the tumor is low in the rectum. Individuals may also suffer from bloating, feeling of fullness, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.
At the same time individuals will find they suffer from non-specific symptoms that include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and muscle cramps.
Colon cancer can be present for many years before the person develops symptoms. It is for this reason that annual screenings are very important for preventing the development of advanced-stage cancer of the colon, which is much more difficult to treat. Thanks to early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of persons who are often able to experience a highly effective treatment protocol that does not affect the duration of their life.